Contemporary Dutch rock and pop music (Nederpop) originated in the 1960s, heavily influenced by popular music from the United States and Britain. Dutch politics and governance are characterised by an effort to achieve broad consensus on important issues, within both the political community and society as a whole. In 1954, the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands reformed the political structure of the Netherlands, which was a result of international pressure to carry out decolonisation. These parties co-operated in coalition cabinets in which the Christian Democrats had always been a partner: so either a centre-left coalition of the Christian Democrats and Social Democrats was ruling or a centre-right coalition of Christian Democrats and Liberals. The migration rate in Netherlands (1.161%) is positive meaning that more people enter Netherlands as permanent residents (immigrants) than people leaving it to be permanent residents in another country (emigrants) adding to the total population in Netherlands. The VWO (comprising atheneum and gymnasium) has 6 grades and prepares for studying at a research university.

[188] Life expectancy is high in the Netherlands: 83.2 years for newborn girls and 78.9 for boys (2013 estimate). Another religion practiced is Hinduism, with around 215,000 adherents (slightly over 1% of the population). [149], The Netherlands continues to be one of the leading European nations for attracting foreign direct investment and is one of the five largest investors in the United States. The Netherlands were able to remain neutral during World War I, in part because the import of goods through the Netherlands proved essential to German survival, until the blockade by the British Royal Navy in 1916. The Netherlands also exports one-fifteenth of the world's apples. Because of the multi-party system, no single party has held a majority in parliament since the 19th century, as a result, coalition cabinets had to be formed. As of 2016[update], the key trading partners of the Netherlands were Germany, Belgium, the United Kingdom, the United States, France, Italy, China and Russia. The economy experienced a slowdown in 2005, but in 2006 recovered to the fastest pace in six years on the back of increased exports and strong investment. The Netherlands has one of the oldest standing armies in Europe; it was first established as such by Maurice of Nassau in the late 1500s. Health insurance in the Netherlands is mandatory. [53][54] The North Sea Germanic Ingvaeones inhabited the northern part of the Low Countries. The Southern Dutch cuisine consists of the cuisines of the Dutch provinces of North Brabant and Limburg and the Flemish Region in Belgium. Zorgverzekeringswet (ZVW), often called "basic insurance", covers common medical care. [168], One-third of the world's exports of chilis, tomatoes and cucumbers goes through the country. The Netherlands is divided into twelve provinces, each under a King's Commissioner (Commissaris van de Koning). The south-western part of the Netherlands is to this day a river delta of these three rivers, the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta.

Friese Nagelkaas (Friesian Clove) is a notable example. 741,636. Exploitation of this field has resulted in €159 billion in revenue since the mid-1970s. [154] Netherlands has set a 14% renewable energy target of the total energy mix by the year 2020. In the Caribbean Netherlands, the United States dollar is used instead of the euro.

Parts of the southern provinces became de facto colonies of the new republican-mercantile empire. Willem de Kooning was born and trained in Rotterdam, although he is considered to have reached acclaim as an American artist. Replicas of Dutch buildings can be found in Huis Ten Bosch, Nagasaki, Japan. [135], The Netherlands has ratified many international conventions concerning war law. Organisation of sports began at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. de Vries, Jan W., Roland Willemyns and Peter Burger. [195] On 21 November 2016, there were 3.8 million residents in the Netherlands with at least one foreign-born parent ("migration background"). Since suffrage became universal in 1917, the Dutch political system has been dominated by three families of political parties: the strongest of which were the Christian Democrats, currently represented by the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA); second were the Social Democrats, represented by the Labour Party (PvdA); and third were the Liberals, of which the right-wing People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) is the main representative. Some 90% of the total population indicate they are able to converse in English, 70% in German, and 29% in French. It employs about 4% of the Dutch labour force but produces large surpluses in the food-processing industry and accounts for 21 percent of the Dutch total export value. Besides Dutch, West Frisian is recognised as a second official language in the northern province of Friesland (Fryslân in West Frisian). [64] Frisian was spoken along the entire southern North Sea coast, and it is still the language most closely related to English among the living languages of continental Europe. Most of the western Netherlands is below sea level due to the human process of turning standing bodies of water into usable land, a polder. Don Juan of Austria, the new Spanish governor, was forced to concede initially, but within months returned to active hostilities. Selling 18 million records,[245] the two singers in the band are the most successful Dutch music artists to this day.
[197] Dutch people, or descendants of Dutch people, are also found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Canada, Australia, South Africa and the United States. [188], The fertility rate in the Netherlands is 1.78 children per woman (2018 estimate),[188] which is high compared with many other European countries, but below the rate of 2.1 children per woman required for natural population replacement, it remains considerably below the high of 5.39 children born per woman in 1879. Ice days—maximum temperature below 0 °C (32 °F)—usually occur from December until February, with the occasional rare ice day prior to or after that period. After he died in 869, Lotharingia was partitioned, into Upper and Lower Lotharingia, the latter part comprising the Low Countries that technically became part of East Francia in 870, although it was effectively under the control of Vikings, who raided the largely defenceless Frisian and Frankish towns lying on the Frisian coast and along the rivers. [19] The Port of Rotterdam is the busiest seaport in Europe, and the busiest in any country outside East Asia and Southeast Asia, behind only China and Singapore. [35] Under Habsburg rule, Les pays de par deçà developed in pays d'embas ("lands down-here"),[36] a deictic expression in relation to other Habsburg possessions like Hungary and Austria. All children in the Netherlands usually attend elementary school from (on average) ages 4 to 12. [citation needed]. Busy roads have received some 35,000 km of dedicated cycle tracks, physically segregated from motorised traffic. It dragged on from December 1572 to the next summer, when Haarlemers finally surrendered on 13 July upon promise that the city would be spared from being sacked. The Netherlands decided not to sign the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. In the 19th century, Multatuli wrote about the poor treatment of the natives in the Dutch colony, the current Indonesia. The regions in the northeast of the Netherlands, roughly the provinces of Groningen, Friesland, Drenthe, Overijssel and Gelderland north of the great rivers are the least populated areas of the Netherlands. The VMBO has 4 grades and is subdivided over several levels. [169], Aside from that, a significant portion of Dutch agricultural exports consists of fresh-cut plants, flowers, and flower bulbs, with the Netherlands exporting two-thirds of the world's total.

M. C. Escher is a well-known graphics artist. Please log in to access our additional functions, *Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license, The ideal entry-level account for individual users. Smiths travelled from settlement to settlement with bronze and iron, fabricating tools on demand. The windmills were later used to drain lakes, creating the famous polders. And it is the 12th most densely populated country in the world with a density of 521 per square kilometre (1,350/sq mi).
[219] The Muslim population increased from the 1960 as a result of large numbers of migrant workers. The House of Valois-Burgundy and their Habsburg heirs would rule the Low Countries in the period from 1384 to 1581. In the course of the twentieth century this diet changed and became much more cosmopolitan, with most global cuisines being represented in the major cities. A similar Holland Village is being built in Shenyang, China. In the 1960s and 1970s the lyrics were mostly in English, and some tracks were instrumental. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, the European territory of the Netherlands belongs to the ecoregion of Atlantic mixed forests. Amsterdam is the 5th-busiest tourist destination in Europe with more than 4.2 million international visitors. All these duchies, lordships and counties were autonomous and had their own government, the States-Provincial. From tulips to windmills and Van Gogh to Vermeer, the Netherlands is a relatively small country with a long and fascinating history and a cultural heritage that continues to be internationally recognised. A sangre, a carne, a fuego, a sacco!" A specific segment of Dutch literature called Dutch Indies literature still exists and includes established authors, such as Louis Couperus, the writer of "The Hidden Force", taking the colonial era as an important source of inspiration. During this expansion, Franks migrating to the south eventually adopted the Vulgar Latin of the local population. The impact of disasters was, to an extent, increased through human activity. (June 17, 2019). In 2012, there were about 825,000 Muslims in the Netherlands (5% of the population). [24] In 2019 agricultural exports were worth €94.5 billion. Willems, Wim (2001). Seafood such as soused herring, mussels (called Zeeuwse Mossels, since all Dutch mussels for consumption are cleaned in Zeeland's Oosterschelde), eels, oysters and shrimps are widely available and typical for the region. On average, snow can occur from November to April, but sometimes occurs in May or October too. [21], Netherlands literally means "lower countries" in reference to its low elevation and flat topography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) above sea level, and nearly 17% falling below sea level. The Oosterschelde, formerly the northeast estuary of the river Scheldt was designated a national park in 2002, thereby making it the largest national park in the Netherlands at an area of 370 square kilometres (140 sq mi). Artists with North African, Caribbean or Middle Eastern origins have strongly influenced this genre.


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