Travelers and traders coming up the Mohawk River from the Hudson had to transfer their cargo and boats and transport them overland between 1.7 and six miles (depending on the season) to continue west on Wood Creek to Lake Ontario.

[52] He proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River (now the Hudson River), named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange. [97] Under New York State's abolition act of 1799, children of slave mothers were to be eventually liberated but to be held in indentured servitude until their mid-to-late twenties.

New York City is home to the headquarters of the National Football League,[510] Major League Baseball,[511] the National Basketball Association,[512] the National Hockey League,[513] and Major League Soccer. [542] Due to their high usage of mass transit, New Yorkers spend less of their household income on transportation than the national average, saving $19 billion annually on transportation compared to other urban Americans. [211] Similarly, readings of 0 °F (−18 °C) are also extremely rare, last occurring on February 14, 2016. city. The Lincoln Tunnel, which carries 120,000 vehicles a day under the Hudson River between New Jersey and Midtown Manhattan, is the busiest vehicular tunnel in the world.

The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America and other Orthodox Christians (mainstream and independent) were the largest Eastern Christian groups.
New York has long had a flourishing scene for Jewish American literature. In New York City, the city government is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services. Universal Music Group also has offices in New York.


The FDNY's motto is New York's Bravest. Tourism is a vital industry for New York City, which has witnessed a growing combined volume of international and domestic tourists, receiving an eighth consecutive annual record of approximately 62.8 million visitors in 2017. Part II. [164], New York City is sometimes referred to collectively as the Five Boroughs.[168].

[497][498], New York City's food culture includes an array of international cuisines influenced by the city's immigrant history. New York City has been considered the dance capital of the world. [550] JFK and Newark Liberty were the busiest and fourth busiest U.S. gateways for international air passengers, respectively, in 2012; as of 2011[update], JFK was the busiest airport for international passengers in North America.[551]. [132] By the mid 1990s, crime rates started to drop dramatically due to revised police strategies, improving economic opportunities, gentrification, and new residents, both American transplants and new immigrants from Asia and Latin America. Wells Fargo Fires More Than 100 Workers for Abusing U.S. Aid, Stocks Fall as Stimulus Hopes Fade, Banks Slump: Markets Wrap, J&J Halts Covid-19 Vaccine Trial Due to Unexplained Illness, Apple iPhone 12 5G Line Wins Praise for Lower Prices, New Sizes, Investors Turn Skeptical of Democratic ‘Blue Wave’ Victory in U.S. [66][68], In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant began his tenure as the last Director-General of New Netherland. [501] The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene assigns letter grades to the city's restaurants based upon their inspection results. Sunset. New York is also a major center for non-commercial educational media. Reporting has lagged on the weekends, however. He said the government still aims for people be able to spend the end-of-year holidays with their families. [386][387] By mid-2014, Accelerator, a biotech investment firm, had raised more than $30 million from investors, including Eli Lilly and Company, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson, for initial funding to create biotechnology startups at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, which encompasses more than 700,000 square feet (65,000 m2) on East 29th Street and promotes collaboration among scientists and entrepreneurs at the center and with nearby academic, medical, and research institutions. Another 17 people died within 28 days of testing positive.

[311][312] Qantas Airways of Australia and Air New Zealand have been exploring the possibilities of long-haul flights from New York to Sydney and Auckland, respectively, which would both rank among the longest non-stop flights in the world.

Much of the scientific research in the city is done in medicine and the life sciences. [406][407] The Association of Independent Commercial Producers is also based in New York. New York is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States,[19] the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016. After completion of the Erie Canal in 1825, development of Rome increased.

[119], Returning World War II veterans created a post-war economic boom and the development of large housing tracts in eastern Queens and Nassau County as well as similar suburban areas in New Jersey. [528] Historically, the city is known for the New York Cosmos, the highly successful former professional soccer team which was the American home of Pelé.

New York Fashion Week is one of the world's preeminent fashion events and is afforded extensive coverage by the media. "Fort Stanwix National Monument: History and Culture."

Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[37] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections,[38][39] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry. "[508] There is no [ɹ] in words like park [pɑək] or [pɒək] (with vowel backed and diphthongized due to the low-back chain shift), butter [bʌɾə], or here [hiə]. In the same year the state created the Town of Rome as a section of Oneida County. These names refer to a portage road or path between the Mohawk River to the east, which flows east to the Hudson River; and Wood Creek to the west, which flows into Lake Ontario.

There were 13,653 households, out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. [457] Another theory is that widespread exposure to lead pollution from automobile exhaust, which can lower intelligence and increase aggression levels, incited the initial crime wave in the mid-20th century, most acutely affecting heavily trafficked cities like New York. [420] WNET is the city's major public television station and a primary source of national Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) television programming. [212] Extreme temperatures have ranged from −15 °F (−26 °C), recorded on February 9, 1934, up to 106 °F (41 °C) on July 9, 1936;[209] the coldest recorded wind chill was −37 °F (−38 °C) on the same day as the all-time record low. [199] A distinctive feature of many of the city's buildings is the roof-mounted wooden water tower. The Village Voice, historically the largest alternative newspaper in the United States, announced in 2017 that it would cease publication of its print edition and convert to a fully digital venture.[418].

[23][24] The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was subsequently renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674. [589] In both its 2011 and 2015 rankings, Walk Score named New York City the most walkable large city in the United States,[590][591][592] and in 2018, Stacker ranked New York the most walkable U.S.

[202], Under the Köppen climate classification, using the 0 °C (32 °F) isotherm, New York City features a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), and is thus the northernmost major city on the North American continent with this categorization. independence. Let's Keep It That Way", Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles, "Religion in America: U.S. The driest year on record is 1965, with 26.09 inches (663 mm) of rainfall. The New York Rangers, the traditional representative of the city itself and one of the league's Original Six, play at Madison Square Garden in Manhattan. [201], According to the United States Geological Survey, an updated analysis of seismic hazard in July 2014 revealed a "slightly lower hazard for tall buildings" in New York City than previously assessed. [48], The first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown.

According to The Broadway League, Broadway shows sold approximately $1.27 billion worth of tickets in the 2013–2014 season, an 11.4% increase from $1.139 billion in the 2012–2013 season.

These teams compete in six games of interleague play every regular season that has also come to be called the Subway Series. [citation needed] These include the Woolworth Building, an early example of Gothic Revival architecture in skyscraper design, built with massively scaled Gothic detailing; completed in 1913, for 17 years it was the world's tallest building.[191]. Attendance in 2013–2014 stood at 12.21 million, representing a 5.5% increase from the 2012–2013 season's 11.57 million.


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